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[4], The phylloxera epidemic in the 19th century severely affected the Languedoc wine industry, killing off many of the higher quality Vitis vinifera that were susceptible to the louse. [18], The introduction of the vins de pays, a classification produced under less stringent regulations than those of an AOC, opened up the Languedoc wine industry to the labeling of varietal wines and the blending of international varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah and Chardonnay. American rootstock that was naturally resistant to phylloxera did not take well to the limestone soil on the hillside. Within Pézenas lies Molière wine country, where winegrowing is an ancient tradition. What makes this region special: Pézenas lies in the basalt lava that formed over a million years ago, which, when mixed with other soil formations, gives the terroir and landscape their particularly distinctive flavor. As the double-barrelled name suggests, Languedoc and Roussillon were once independent regions in their own right. [14] Local producers of Côtes du Rhône-styled wines made from Syrah and Grenache lobbied for this change since the local winemaking traditions did not coincide with administrative borders, and presumably due to the greater prestige of Rhône wines in the marketplace. The appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) formerly known as the Coteaux du Languedoc was renamed Languedoc AOC and expanded from Nimes in … (Choose 1) By order of the Chief Justice, only people with business at the courthouse will be allowed to enter. Others will put the wine in large glass jars to expose it to direct sunlight. This event, coupled with French consumers moving away from cheap red wines in the 1970s, has contributed to several decades of surplus wine production in France, with Languedoc as the largest contributor to the European "wine lake" and recurring European Union subsidies aimed at reducing production. While "Languedoc" can refer to a specific historic region of France and Northern Catalonia, usage since the 20th century (especially in the context of wine) has primarily referred to the northern part of the Languedoc-Roussillon région of France, an area which spans the Mediterranean coastline from the French border with Spain to the region of Provence. The wines are normally composed of 70% Mauzac and a 30% combination of Chardonnay and Chenin blanc. 1 - "Mon Minervois à moi", Road Movie "Mon Minervois, 30 ans d'aventures." [1] In 2001, the region produced more wine than the United States. "However, does this mean that all producers striving to make great wine from the Languedoc should do the same? Grenache is also the main grape used in the fortified wines of the Banyuls and Rivesaltes region. The peak growing season (between May and August) is very dry and the majority of annual rainfall occurs during the winter. ClimateThe Mediterranean climate of the entire appellation area is marked by a considerably hot and dry season. In Paris during the 14th century, wines from the St. Chinian area were prescribed in hospitals for their "healing powers". The vineyards of Languedoc benefit from a Mediterranean climate with many hours of warm sunshine and fresh nights cooled by winds and sea breezes. [11] However, the appellation system in the region is undergoing considerable changes with both new appellations being created and existing ones changing. Président Jean-Benoît CAVALIERMas de Saporta - BP 9F.34 970 MAURIN LATTESTél. It covers dry table wines of all three colors (red, white and rosé) from all over the region, but leaves the sweet and sparkling wines to … ALCOHOL ABUSE IS DANGEROUS FOR HEALTH, CONSUME WITH MODERATION. Located in Southern France, the Languedoc is part of the large Mediterranean coastal area now known as the Occitanie region, reaching from the Spanish border on the southeast to the region of Provence in the east. [1] In 1962, Algeria gained its independence from France, bringing about an end to the blending of the stronger Algerian red wine to mask the thin le gros rouge. The two regions were joined as one administrative region in the late 1980s. Younger appellations like the Cabardes and subregions like Minervois la Livinière, Corbières-Boutenac and St-Chinian-Berlou are much smaller in scope. The region of Languedoc has belonged to France since the thirteenth century and the Roussillon was acquired from Spain in the mid-seventeenth century. N°1 - The tasting of a red, white or rosé from the Languedoc ; N°2 - GSMCC The typical reds from the Languedoc ; N°3 - Wine and Food pairing ; N°4 - How to shine with a Languedoc's wine ? * Decree published in the official journal of 3 May 2007. The AOC Languedoc was formed by increasing the size of the Coteaux du Languedoc zone to encompass all the vineyards of Languedoc AOC appellations in an area stretching from the Spanish border to the gateway of Nîmes. Chardonnay is a major white grape, used in the Vin de Pays d'Oc and the sparkling Crémant de Limoux. The vineyard surface area counts with 223,000 hectares declared (550K acres).It is the largest wine growing region in the world. In the world of marketing and sales, it is always good when you can keep things simple. The plain of Languedoc faces the Mediterranean and is separated from the plain of Roussillon to the southwest by the mountains of Corbières. The Languedoc-Roussillon area is home to numerous grape varieties, including many international varieties like Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Sauvignon blanc, and Chardonnay. // Ép. 2 - "Le Minervois, terre de créativité". Some of Languedoc appellations are very well established and date back to the 1930’s but the region is still in a state of flux and gradually things are changing and more and more areas are becoming defined terroirs and gaining their own appellations. The appellation Languedoc-Pézenas is located in the centre of the French wine region Languedoc. AppellationsGrès de Montpellier, Pézénas, Sommières, Clape, Pic Saint-Loup, Terrasses du Larzac, Picpoul de Pinet, Terrasses de Béziers, Montpeyroux and Saint-Georges d’Orques. N°4 - How to shine with a Languedoc's wine ? ; Faugères – Red wine; Muscat de Frontignan – White wine, Fortified wine Some of these sub-districts have pending AOC applications to become appellations in their own right and some have been granted sub-appellations to the umbrella appellation Languedoc AOC. Comme un cervelas de foie gras au muscat et homard. There is also sizable production of Vins Doux Naturels. In the Banyuls Grand Cru AOC the wine is required to be aged in wood barrels for two and a half years. Tuna Avocado Cocktail or Lobster Fritters *Tuna Avocado Cocktail: AAA sashimi-grade ahi tuna, citrus sesame miso sauce, charred rosemary sea salt, thai lime crema, pickled ginger. The use of highly prolific grape varieties produced high yields and thin wines, which were normally blended with red wine from Algeria to give them more body. It specializes in crisp, well textured citrus scented white wines exclusively from Picpoul grapes. Home > Discover the Wine > Regions: The wine regions and domains of Languedoc Roussillon, South France . The boundary of the eastern Languedoc with the Southern Rhône Valley wine region was moved slightly in 2004, with the result that Costières de Nîmes AOC is now a Rhône appellation rather than a Languedoc one. N°5 - The other 5 white cepage (theory) Some of the more highly rated vineyards are laid on top of ancient riverbed stones similar to those of Châteauneuf-du-Pape. The average annual temperature is 57 °F (14 °C). Winemakers often use carbonic maceration to soften the tannins. Others include Chenin blanc and Mauzac, which is also the principal grape in the sparkling Blanquette de Limoux. In place of these vines, acres of the lower quality Aramon, Alicante Bouschet and Carignan were planted.[5]. According to some sources, this appellation is now considered a part of Rhône rather than Languedoc. Within this geographical area there are 36 controlled origin appellations covering a total surface of 40,000 ha. [2], The history of Languedoc wines can be traced to the first vineyards planted along the coast near Narbonne by the early Greeks in the fifth century BC. These include the Quatourze, La Clape, Montpeyroux, St. Saturnin, Picpoul de Pinet, Terrasses du Larzac, and Pic St.-Loup.[13]. Help Us Keep the Public and Our Staff Safe. Languedoc region is located in the south of France along the Mediterranean Sea. However, the appellation system in the region is undergoing considerable changes with both new appellations … [2] The northern boundaries of the region sit on the Massif Central with the Cévennes mountain ranges and valleys dominating the area. [17] While these new appellations have been praised for consistently improving their product, others have criticized the additions for further complicating an already esoteric system of classification. Un Cellier du Languedoc en liberté dans les rues de Montréal ! The diversity of the land and the characteristics of the Languedoc AOC wines is reflected by the establishment of a three level hierarchy: the Languedoc regional appellation, the sub regional appellations corresponding to the pedoclimatic regions, and finally, the land names at the heart of the sub regional appellations. The majority of Languedoc sweet white wines are made with a variety of Muscat grapes. The diversity and specificity of the different regions has facilitated the definition of large pedoclimatic zones. [10], The five best known appellations in the Languedoc include Languedoc AOC (formerly known as the Coteaux du Languedoc), Corbières AOC, Faugères, Minervois AOC, and Saint-Chinian AOCs. Some winemakers utilize a solera system of transporting the wine among different size barrels of various ages that are left out in the sun to warm. 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