With their round cheeks, probing little paws, and fuzzy bodies that fit perfectly in your palm, domesticated hamsters are popular pets. Despite their wide coverage throughout continental Eurasia, there has been no confirmed trace of any common ancestor for these master burrowers. Although the temperature in their habitat can reach as high as 100 degrees Fahrenheit during the day, it drops dramatically at night, and these hardy creatures are well-covered with fur to protect them against the cold. A hamster’s natural habitat may vary in terms of rockiness depending on the hammy species, but one thing common among them is their avoidance of woodlands. Domesticated hammies may have more colors available since these can be manipulated through breeding. The white underbelly reflects ground temperature at night which makes them even more difficult to spot especially for animals with heat sensors like snakes. The smallest, on the other hand, has a domestic cousin — the Roborovsky dwarf hamster which does not grow beyond 4 inches. Filed Under: Hamsters in the wild Tagged With: types of hamster. European hamsters are so big that they can fight toe-to-toe with barn cats. We know that our hamster is one of the 5 domesticated breeds out of the 26 hamster species throughout the world. Kaytee Clean & Cozy Bedding, White, 49.2 Liters (Pack of 1), Zhu Zhu Pets - Adventure Ball Accessory Hamster – Blue, Kaytee Comfort Wheel Large 8.5 Inches, Assorted colors. Hamsters are also quick to get weaned. Rewilding hamsters. Today, other breeds have joined the Syrian hamster in being domesticated, such as the popular Russian dwarf hamsters. Only five of those species are domesticated and live as pets with us humans. The truth is that hamsters originated in the wild, long before they were domesticated and became the fun little balls of fur we know and love today. It made the arid desert its home for centuries before being imported to the United States in 1936. Wild hamsters are found throughout much of Europe and Asia. Temperatures fluctuate between daytime 100 degrees fahrenheit down to … In fact, they are the only hamster species that can tolerate water which is why they can live along riverbanks. 1. Remember to only give the necessary amount of nutrition that a hamster needs for its diet. There are also foods which should never be given to hamsters as they can be toxic and extremely unhealthy for them. Other hamster species sometimes offered as pets include Chinese dwarf hamsters and … We share our collective knowledge and expertise, built over many years of caring for hamsters. Wild hamsters: Where do hamsters come from. The Chinese striped hamster is often confused with the Chinese dwarf hamster because of their names. Are there wild hamsters that are of the same breed as our pets? > There are over 20 species of hamsters, which are related to voles, lemmings, and mice. Last updated May 24, 2020 by The Hamster House Leave a Comment. Excessive surprises, handling, and exposure to water (including swimming) will make them so stressed that they get sick and may even die. Dead hammies and stillborns are eaten by mama fluffies to keep predators from tracking the rest of the litter, burrow or colony. In the wild, this means they get to run off and fend for themselves, although they can already explore outside their nest as early as after a week. A lot of hamsters, however, prefer desert or semi-desert fringes, dry arid zones, and sparse rocky areas – habitats with extreme hot and cold temperatures. It is the one hamster that can survive in woodlands – its habitat includes coniferous and birch forests, steppes, shrublands, swampy grasslands, and meadows. To protect them from the heat, Syrian hamsters have very deep burrows; sometimes they burrow as far as far as ten metres. Yes, wild hamsters are still found in China, Eastern Europe, North Africa, the Middle East and Siberia. There are 26 different species of hamster living in the wild around the world, although not always in huge numbers.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'thehamsterhouse_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_10',153,'0','0'])); The Syrian hamster, which is often referred to as a teddy bear hamster, is probably the one most of us are familiar with. The wild hamster, like its domesticated cousins, has earthy colors of yellow, gray, black, white, brown, and combination of … The first known wild hamsters can be traced back to countries such as Syria, Belgium, portions of northern China, Greece, and Romania. The size difference is so big that Golden hamsters can weigh 6 ounces, whilst Winter White Dwarves weigh just 1.5 ounces. Hamsters are rodents belonging to the subfamily Cricetinae, which contains 19 species classified in seven genera. Belonging to the rodent family, the Campbell's Russian Dwarf Hamster (Phodopus sungoris campbelli) is about 8 centimeters long when fully grown. Normal adults are 5-7 inches long (13-18 cm) and weigh around 120-125 g. In the wild they live for 2-3 years, but as pets they can become up to 4 years old (when given a healthy and well-balanced diet). French or European hamsters cannibalize their litter if. It is safe to say, though, that the first documented hammy, the Chinese striped hamster, was also documented along with another domesticated hamster – the Winter White dwarf of Siberia. Hamsters come from wasteland areas in the Middle East. With 24 species of hamsters, these animals come in a wide range of sizes. The Syrian hamster, which is often referred to as a teddy bear hamster, is probably the one most of us are familiar with. They can even share burrows with other colonies like the Robos and the Campbell’s. There are 24 species of hamsters known that live in the wild. Cannibalism is not only their means of getting additional food – they also use this to protect their litter. Chinese hamsters, Syrian hamsters, and Mangolian hamsters love to live and survive in the wild. Dwarf hamsters, however, can live in colonies with their littermates, but they still antagonize those of the opposite sex and will fight those who do not belong to their group. Around the world, there are about 26 different species of wild hamsters that are spending their days away from captivity, and Bored Panda has compiled a list of them to show you that these little creatures are one of the cutest things you could meet outside and deserve more than to be hamster pets. The dwarf hamster lives up to its name. Coati’s are diurnal (active during the day) and omnivorous, so you may be lucky enough to spot one digging for worms or searching for fruits. Hamsters also can run far in one night; usually about 5-6 miles (9km). Only five species are common as pets. Here are some interesting facts regarding species of hamsters that live in the wild: They can hibernate for 5-6 months but can even extend up to 10 months and their hibernation cycle is 2-7 days followed by 1-2 days of activity; although they can continuously sleep for as long as 30 days. Its environment is slowly being turned into human settlements for the past decades. Hamsters have not always been pets in our households, but they have been living in the wild since ages ago. Of course, this means they don’t have the same protection as some other hamsters and for this reason Chinese hamsters are super quick runners! This is why Chinese hamsters tend to have short tails, as they use their tails to provide grip when they have to climb.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'thehamsterhouse_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_3',157,'0','0'])); Chinese hamsters don’t often live in burrows; they choose a hole that is located just under the ground. The hole is designed in such a way that it resembles a cave branching with various kinds of rooms that are made according to different needs, for example there are special holes for storing food, holes for removing waste, holes for sleeping, etc. Unlike them, however, Fluffy’s wild cousins prefer protective coloration, which means that the more frequent colors are those that blend well within a particular locale. There are various different sizes too. They live in burrows, usually near cornfields. It’s not just in your home that a Syrian hamster needs to be by itself; this happens in the wild too. There are over 20 species of hamsters, which are related to voles, lemmings, and mice. The Kam Dwarf Hamster, which is found in Western China grasslands, marshes, and steppes; as well as the Tibetan or Ladak dwarf, native to northern parts of Southen Asia, Southwestern China, Jammu, Kashmir, and Western Nepal; are both active day and night. The Campbells (or Djungarian) hamsters are from Mongolia, where they live among semi-deserts and sand dunes. The wild Syrian hamster or golden hamster is the pet species we know today. They have different colors such as brown, grey, black, etc. The following 14 types of hamsters listed are mostly found in the wild and are almost never kept as pets. They live in holes dug up to tens of meters deep. Prior to around 1936, wild hamsters were the only type of hamsters that even existed. There are 19 officially recognized types of hamsters that are a part of 7 different genera. Hamsters are highly territorial and will fight to death for their habitat. Hamsters first became popular as house guests in the 1930s and 1940s, and their popularity has only grown since. If I tell you to imagine a hamster you would probably picture the furball in a cage, on a wheel. Hamster Lifespan: How long do hamsters live? Sounds icky, but these little survivors make do with everything – even their own kind. When hamsters were first taken from the wild, they weren’t intended to be pets; they were taken to be studied in laboratories…. They have become established as popular small pets. There are more species in the wild and the biggest of hamsters – the European – grow to the average size of 12 inches, while some a whopping 13 inches. If separated from their partners, the males especially show behaviors similar to human depression like inactivity, binge eating, and turning obese. The Syrian hamster was thought to be extinct in the wild as no sightings had been made of wild Syrian hamsters since the 1980’s. However expeditions in 1997 and 1999 found some wild Syrian hamsters. The Hamster House aims to be the number one guide for hamster enthusiasts. Striped hamsters are dwarf types and live in colonies. Hamsters can live for one and a half to three years. There are more than 20 different species of hamsters found living around the world throughout Asia and Europe. There are few humans there, only nomadic sheep herders in summer. Wild versions of domesticated hamsters are no different from the homebody hammies in terms of appearance, except for the availability of some fur colors. Greater Long-tailed hamsters, also known as Korean hamsters, are the breed with the longest tail, notable loud screamers as they stand on their hind legs, and are known to be major pests in China since ancient times. The gray dwarf hamster, which lives in grasslands, steppes, semi-deserts, cultivated areas, and gardens as well as buildings in many countries from the Middle East to Russia, does not hibernate. Two of the babies managed to escape and return to the wild, and another five escaped when they arrived at the Hebrew Hospital in Jerusalem. Native hedgehogs in the wild are absent in Australia, South Asia, and there are not a single alive native species in South and North America though there used to be a long time ago. Yes, hamsters live in the wild. Living alone in the wilderness these small rodents made their homes in warm, dry places such as near deserts and sand dune structures. That is because it is sensing everything with its nose, touch, as well as its whiskers – which also add in its sense of touch. The truth is, hamsters became part of the pet trade only within the last century. So, the original attempt at domesticating hamsters wasn’t entirely successful, but enough of the tiny creatures remained for more hamsters to be successfully bred. These glands release hormones that aid them in territorial marking. Add to these are the highly territorial fellow hamsters of a different species or clan, and an occasional but sudden foul weather. As the babies that were bred from the original captured hamsters were sent off around the world, people started to see how easy they were to breed and keep, and the trend for keeping them as pets began. So, we know where hamsters live in the wild, but how did these wild hamsters lead to the wonderful furry friends we have all grown to love? Hamsters are also highly flexible, but their bones are somewhat fragile. They are equipped with sharp upper and lower incisors as well as pointed hands and feet that are good for digging, climbing, and grasping. They are also used as lab animals for testing. They're nocturnal, so they stay in their burrows during daylite. The European breed can grow as large as 13.4 inches (34 centimeters) long and are some of the biggest varieties of hamsters. The most common pet hamster, the Syrian hamster, also known as the teddy bear hamster or golden hamster, usually grows to abo… Campbells hamsters often take over the burrows of other rodents, rather than having to do the hard work to create their own. Chinese hamsters choose shallower holes owing to their rocky habitat but they make up for their simple shelters with their speed as well as their long tails, which helps them grip rocks and other tail-holds as they go climbing. Maybe a young, curious pet owner will someday figure out a way to harness the energy potential of hamster power , or find a way to save wild hamster species. 19 were caught and now form the nucleus of a captive breeding programme in Germany. Types of wild hamsters. An example of these is the Winter White hamster. It is native to grassland and similar habitats in a large part of Eurasia, extending from Belgium to the Altai mountains and Yenisey River in Russia. The wild hamster, like its domesticated cousins, has earthy colors of yellow, gray, black, white, brown, and combination of these colors. Except for the black-bellied European hamster, the rest of them tend to have white undersides aside from the earthy top colors that blend well in the night. These shelters protect them from all the harsh weather in their environment since the ground stabilizes the surface temperature and cools it on a hot daytime. There are 26 different species of hamster living in the wild around the world, although not always in huge numbers. Their ears are keen enough that they get to communicate in the ultrasonic range; yet as a consequence, they are susceptible to loud sounds and noise. In fact, it is because they are so good at burrowing and borrowing (yes, they do “borrow” and take over other rodents’ homes) that we humans have yet to find the oldest burrow ever created by these little round critters. For other hamster breeds, there is not much difference in colors except for the availability of some hues. Hamsters have short lifespans, but this is made up for by their high fertility rate, short gestation period, expansive litters, and quick weaning. It’s taken over a century from the first discovery of hamsters by the human race for them to become an integral part of our lives, but now it would probably be pretty hard for you to imagine living without your hamster companion. Dwarf hamsters are native to the wilds of Mongolia. Additionally, the Chinese hamsters were first used in the laboratory in 1919, but having it as a domesticated pet already started even before that. They are easy to breed in captivity and have a cute size and personality making them popular pets. The wild Syrian Hamster is under conservation due to its decreasing habitat. There are 26 species of hamsters classified in 6 – 7 genera. Ever wonder why your hamster sometimes waves its hands in the air? Fortunately for these hardy rodents, they do have large livers which make them the hardcore drunken masters of the rodent world – the top of their list being the Syrian hammy. There are various predators in the wild – from owls to foxes to snakes. They are also omnivores – meaning, they can eat both plant and animal material. They get to live peacefully because they have variations in the type of food they eat. When you look at your hamster scooting around in its ball, it may be hard to imagine that it could ever be related to a wild animal. Yes there are wild hamsters, but all hamstrs in the US are captive bred. Hamsters In the wild: Deserts are their homelands. This is an issue we’ve seen in dogs. If such is the case, where do hamsters live in the wild? Hamsters have scent glands located near their backs and legs. 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