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languages of pakistan pdf

In the Pakistani Punjab region, 97.21% of people are Muslim. Culture of Pakistan The society and culture of Pakistan comprises numerous ethnic groups: Punjab, Sindh, KPK, Balochistan. Provinces are allocated funds for education but fail to spend the money. atta 'flour,' ziarat 'religious place. However, the languages of the domains of power—government, corporate sector, media, education, etc.— are English and Urdu. Urdu has an extensive history and association with Muslims. Language plays a large role in identity formation, and the loss of a language has significant consequences for its speakers. languages, it appears to be the case that a majority of the people of northern Pakistan are speakers of tone languages. The Cambridge O Level Pakistan Studies syllabus introduces learners to the history, culture, geography, environment and development of Pakistan. Regional languages include Punjabi, which is spoken by 48% of the population, Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki and Balochi. BBC special offers are scattered across Pakistan is being neglected languages offered by the introduction of what could be called 'small' languages, so in terms of number of speakers, but these within the centuries-old folk wisdom, proverbs, bids, treasury of songs and stories. from the colonial European languages from which they evolved. To help our visitors prepare for all general knowledge related written exams and interviews with ease, below on this page we have given a free online quiz about the languages of Pakistan which includes questions related to the various languages spoken in different areas of the country such as Urdu, Pashto, English and Punjabi. 2 There is widespread misunderstanding about how children learn languages and about the role of language in education. poor and backward people accession to Pakistan is desirable.”17 The Kisan Mazdoor Conference18 also agreed in September 1947 that the State should cede to Pakistan due to 15 Appendix J 16 Bamzai, p. 745 17 Appendix F 18 The Kisan Mazdoor Conference was a group of farmers who discussed the issues facing Kashmir. The origins of the current Pakistani culture can be traced back to the Indus Valley civilization, which was simultaneous with the ancient Egyptian and Sumerian civilizations, around 5000 years ago 3 4. national and one of the provincial languages of Pakistan. Pakistan is a multilingual country with a population in 1994 of about 128 million. Urdu is the official language, though it is only used by 8% of Pakistanis. Since Pakistan and India achieved independence in 1947, Pakistan … The Cambridge O Level Pakistan Studies syllabus introduces learners to the history, culture, geography, environment and development of Pakistan. The highest point in Pakistan is K-2 Mountain, which is 8611m above Sea Level and Pakistan has the Deepest Level that is 6500m. View hw9.pdf from EDUCATION STA630 at Govt.GHSSchool Chung Multan Road lahore.(pakistan). languages. Pakistan has a long history of Census taking and the first regular Population Census in the area now comprising Pakistan was held in 1881. The state’s policies have favored these two languages at the expense of others. Physically Pakistan is divided into 4 provinces, those are Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. English is widely spoken. It now spends just 1.5 per cent in the areas that need it most. The issuance of “Pakistan Journal of Languages and Translation Studies” is an … While multilingualism is not denied -- though the 1981 census contained no question on language -- the state denies the multinationality thesis endorsed by ethnonationalist leaders. PAKISTAN: Punjabis comprise the largest ethnic group in country. On the other hand, poets & writers have also aided in this promotion and development. The opportunity of delayed All books are in clear copy here, and all files are secure so don't worry about it. This site is like a library, you could find million book here by using search box in the widget. The national languages are Urdu and English. The recognition of separateness is made possible by a cumulative accretion of divergence features relative to an ancestor language, regardless of whether linguists consider contact with other languages. Language in Pakistan. Among them all, Urdu is the national language with a huge portion of speakers at 75%. They learn about Pakistan's rich heritage and cultural influences, and about the events which have shaped national identity, from the … Languages spoken by the remaining 2.31% of the population belong to the Austroasiatic , Sino-Tibetan , Tai-Kadai and a few other minor language families and isolates . As might be expected, loans from the various indigenous languages of Pakistan are to be found in local forms of English, e.g. Numerous other languages are spoken by relatively small numbers of people, especially in some of the more remote and isolated places in, for example, the Northern Areas of Pakistan . According to a news item, the Higher Education Department expressed grave technical reservations on the funds allocated for the establishment of the Gandhara Hindko Academy under the auspices of the civil society organisation, the Gandhara Hindko 1 Insufficient information is available about the language ecology of Pakistan and about how languages are used in education in Pakistan. Languages. Pakistan’s indigenous languages Joan L.G. Baart Abstract This contribution engages in some explorations of the state of the indigenous languages of Pakistan, and of the social and economic mechanisms that pose a threat to the country’s rich linguistic heritage. The provincial languages of Pakistan are spoken and used in the four provinces – Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan. But, that it would gain such a strong footage within a little span of time is surprising and pleasing. Like Balochi, which was at its decline at the time of partition. According to the 2008 Census of Pakistan, there are 76,335,300 native Punjabi speakers in which comprised roughly 75% of the Pakistani population. Pakistan spent 2.5 per cent of its budget on schooling in 2005/2006. Languages spoken in India belong to several language families , the major ones being the Indo-Aryan languages spoken by 78.05% of Indians and the Dravidian languages spoken by 19.64% of Indians. Thus, Pakistan has been very successful in promotion of its regional languages. Language birth cannot be predicted. Other Indo-European languages spoken in Pakistan include Pothohari, Gujarati, Shina, Wakhi, Kashmiri, Marwari, Khowar, Memoni, and many others. Thirdly, at the time of partition, there were some languages that were at the brink of decline. Since then regular censuses have been conducted after every ten years in the year ending at one. Pakistan, populous and multiethnic country of South Asia. There are many languages in Pakistan depending on what province you are in. That is less than the subsidies given to PIA, PEPCO and Pakistan Steel. By the end of the thirteenth century, it was used among Muslim armies. Most Interference stemming from background languages is common and switching between these languages and English occurs frequently on all levels of society. The case study in this paper, Virtual University of Pakistan, has developed its own LMS to provide a virtual learning environment to students. These languages have developed a lot due to Government policies designed for this purpose. felt that it should be kept alive and not lost forever. Asynchronous e-learning is the most adopted method for online education (Parsad & Lewis, 2008) because learners are not time bound and can respond at their leisure. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Indo-Aryan languages Around 80% of Pakistan’s population speak one or more of the various Indo-Aryan languages. In history, they learn about Pakistan’s rich heritage and cultural influences, and about the events which have shaped national identity, from the decline of Mughal power up to 1999. However, a linguistically trained native speaker of Cairene Arabic has told me that this is exactly the "Vocabulary. 3 Discussion about language in education is often not informed by a clear view Q: The promotion of regional languages in Pakistan between 1947 and 1988 English is used as a business language. CS450: Structure of Higher Level Languages Assignment 9 Due: … … Rwanda’s native language, Kinyarwanda, is spoken by 98% of the population. Nigeria, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Cameroon all have a wide variety of indigenous languages and are seeking to develop a degree of linguistic unity through the use of English. As many as half of the world’s nearly 7,000 languages are poised to become extinct within the next century. There are numerous local dialects. The Official Languages of Pakistan: When it comes to categorizing the official languages, English and Urdu both are termed as the official languages of Pakistan. It was a language that was widely used and understood by Muslims. Usually concentrated in the heavily popu- lated areas east of the Indus river , the Indo-Aryan lan- guages and their cultures form the predominant cultural group in the country. There to elevate the standard of such languages, govt. It is the language that the Mughal and Sultans of Delhi used during their rule in Delhi. When these languages die, it will impact the endangered language community and the academic community alike. The country’s population speaks more than 60 languages. of Pakistan has tried to promote the regional languages since 1947. Pakistan is a multilingual country with six major and over fifty-nine small languages. Urdu: Urdu, the official and national language of Pakistan, is a fusion of Arabic, Persian and local languages, taking its origins from these old languages. Table 1: Status of languages of northern Pakistan with respect to tone, with estimated number of speakers according to You may also read the Total Area of Pakistan, that is 796,096KM and Longitude and Latitude as well. Pakistan, it was evident from the outset that the Centre had immense prospects for growth. See Table 1, where a question mark indicates that I am not certain about the status of the language as to tone. Furthermore, its government is looking languages of pakistan Download languages of pakistan or read online here in PDF or EPUB. Topic – 005: Growth and Death of a Language Pakistan’s culture is unique among the other nations of South Asia. Having a predominately Indo-Iranian speaking population, Pakistan has historically and culturally been associated with its neighbours Iran, Afghanistan, and India. So govt. 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