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constellation of perseus and andromeda

Miram is located at around 780 light-years away, and it has an apparent magnitude of 3.79. The Perseids are a prominent annual meteor shower that occurs from mid-July, while peaking between 9 and 14 August each year. There are four Chinese constellations contained in the area of the sky where Perseus is situated – they are the Tianchuan – the Celestial Boat, the Jishui – the Swollen Waters, the Dailing – the Great Trench, and the Jishi – the Pile of Corpses. Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the sky, out of the 88 modern constellations, stretching for around 615 square degrees. The website Constellation Guide says that it is a constellation in the northern sky and is one of the 48 Greek constellations. Gorgonea Tertia, designated as Rho Persei, is an M-type bright giant star, and it is the third member of the quartet called the Gorgonea, in reference to the Gorgons from the legend of Perseus. It was formed by Kappa, Omega, Rho, 24, 17 and 15 Persei. The star that exploded was 1,560 light-years away from us. Andromeda is a northern constellation located directly south of Cassiopeia between Pegasus and Perseus. Perseus, the nephew of the king of the city of Argos noticed her as he was sailing by and immediately fell in love with her. Miram, designated as Eta Persei, is a binary star, however, its brightest component is part of a triple star system. Perseus used Pegasus to reach the realm of Cepheus, whose daughter, Andromeda, was to be sacrificed to the sea monster, Cetus. AG Persei is another Algol variable in Perseus, whose primary component is a B-type main sequence star with an apparent magnitude of 6.69. Take an interactive tour of the solar system, or browse the site to find fascinating information, facts, and data about our planets, the solar system, and beyond. [89] The September Epsilon Perseids, discovered in 2012, are a meteor shower with an unknown parent body in the Oort cloud. Messier 76 has an apparent magnitude of +10.1, and it stretches for around 1.23 light-years. M76 is a planetary nebula, also called the Little Dumbbell Nebula. Its active nucleus is a strong source of radio waves. [11] The Double Cluster, h and Chi Persei, had special significance in Chinese astronomy. The constellation of Perseus is bordered by the constellations of Andromeda, Aries, Auriga, Camelopardalis, Cassiopeia, Taurus, and Triangulum. The constellation of Perseus contains many interesting stars, among them, there is Mirfak, the brightest star in the constellation, Algol, the demon star, Phi Persei, Delta Persei,  Psi Persei, 48 Persei, Epsilon Persei, 29 Persei, 30 Persei, 31 Persei, 34 Persei, Iota Persei, Zeta Persei, Atik, X Persei, V518 Persei, V718 Persei, GK Persei, Menkhib, Gorgonea Tertia, S Persei, RS Persei, or the DY Persei, among many others. [40] It is composed of two blue-white stars—a giant of spectral class B1.5 and main sequence star of B3—which orbit each other every 4.5 days and are distorted into ovoids due to their small separation. Camelopardalis and Cassiopeia are to the north of Perseus, while Andromeda and Triangulum are to the west. This one is associated with ancient Babylonian astronomy but found by Ptolemy in the 2nd century CE (was part of then known 48 constellations). [54] The Double Cluster contains three even larger stars, each over 700 solar radii:[55] S, RS, and SU Persei are all semiregular pulsating M-type supergiants. This cluster has many blue B-type stars, with its brightest member being the white-yellow supergiant Mirfak / Alpha Persei. [47] Xi Persei, traditionally known as Menkhib,[48] a blue giant of spectral type O7III, is one of the hottest bright stars in the sky,[49] with a surface temperature of 37,500 K. It is one of the more massive stars, being between 26 and 32 solar masses,[49][50] and is 330,000 times as luminous as our Sun. It is named after Andromeda, the daughter of Queen Cassiopeia and wife of the Greek hero Perseus. Zeta is a triple star system, with a companion blue-white main sequence star of spectral type B8 and apparent magnitude 9.16 around 3,900 AU distant from the primary, and a white main sequence star of magnitude 9.90 and spectral type A2, some 50,000 AU away, that may or may not be gravitationally bound to the other two. Gorgonea Secunda is also hotter than our Sun, having temperatures of around 9,290 K, and it is also a fast-spinning star, with a rotational velocity of around 186 km / 115.5 mi per second. A supergiant of spectral type F5Ib located around 590 light-years away from Earth,[24] Mirfak has 5,000 times the luminosity and 42 times the diameter of our Sun. Perseus killed the monster and freed Andromeda. It has an apparent magnitude of 7.3. Misam is an evolved G-type giant star, that has around 150% of our Sun’s mass, 900% of its radius, and it is 39.8 times brighter than our Sun. It is one of the 48 ancient constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, and among the 88 modern constellations defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). This star is also hotter, with surface temperatures reaching 29,500 K. GK Persei, also known as Nova Persei 1901, was a bright nova that was observed in 1901. It hosts the radiant of the annual Perseids meteor shower—one of the most prominent meteor showers in the sky. [61] DY Persei itself is a carbon star that is too dim to see through binoculars, with an apparent magnitude of 10.6. Perseus can be seen at latitudes between +90o and -35o, and it is best viewed during the month of December. This star has an apparent magnitude of 9.23, however, its brightness is very unpredictable, varying from 7.9 to 12.0, at chaotic rates. The two are Trumpler class I 3 r clusters, though NGC 869 is a Shapley class f and NGC 884 is a Shapley class e cluster. Located 92.8 light-years from Earth, it varies in apparent magnitude from a minimum of 3.5 to a maximum of 2.3 over a period of 2.867 days. It can be seen with the naked eye under the right conditions. [79] NGC 1333 is a reflection nebula and a star-forming region. The combined apparent magnitude of this star system is 6.778. The Perseus Cluster is located at around 240 million light-years away from us, and its brightest member is the Seyfert galaxy designated as NGC 1275. It was first catalogued by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century. The constellation Andromeda can be seen at latitudes … There are only two meteor showers associated with the constellation of Perseus, namely the Perseids, and the September Perseids. The constellation of Perseus hosts only two Messier objects, namely the open cluster Messier 34, and the planetary nebula Messier 76, also known as the Little Dumbbell Nebula. The Little Dumbbell and California nebulae are located within the Perseus constellation. [2] It is located near several other constellations named after ancient Greek legends surrounding Perseus, including Andromeda to the west and Cassiopeia to the north. 34 Persei is around three times hotter than our Sun, with temperatures recorded at around 16,421 K. 48 Persei, also known as c Persei, is a Be star located at around 480 light-years away from us. Phi Persei A is also a hot star, being 5.5 times hotter than our Sun, with temperatures reaching 32,090 K. This star is an incredibly fast-spinning star, having a rotational velocity of around 440 km / 273.4 mi per second. Mirfak, designated as Alpha Persei, is the brightest star in the constellation of Perseus, and around the 35th brightest star in the night sky, with an apparent magnitude of 1.806. [63] This has been inferred to be an object with a maximum mass of 6 times that of Jupiter and an orbital radius of 3.3 AU. The California Nebula, designated as NGC 1499, is an emission nebula located at around 1,000 light-years away from us. [77] It appears two arc-minutes by one arc-minute across and has an apparent brightness of magnitude 10.1. It consists of nebulosity and an associated 2 million-year-old cluster of around 400 stars. The constellation of Perseus is located in the northern celestial hemisphere. There are only two Messier Objects located in the constellation of Perseus, the open cluster Messier 34, and the planetary nebula Messier 76. Mirfak is a supergiant F-type star, similar to Procyon A, and its spectrum has served as one of the anchor points by which other stars are classified since 1943. You can see the Auriga constellation in the east, Cassiopeia in the north, and the Andromeda Galaxy to the west. The meteors appear to flow from the constellation Perseus (hence the name Perseids) in mid-August. It is the brightest star (as seen from Earth) of a moving group of bright blue-white giant and supergiant stars, the Perseus OB2 Association or Zeta Persei Association. NGC 1023 is a barred spiral galaxy and a member of the NGC 1023 group of galaxies in the Local Supercluster. S Persei is among the largest stars known to us, having 2,000% of our Sun’s mass, and a whopping 136,400% of our Sun’s radius, making it more than 2,600 times bigger than our Sun. Perseus slew Medusa in her sleep, and Pegasus and Chrysaor appeared from her body. Monocular vs. Binoculars- Which One is Best for Stargazing, The constellation of Perseus is among the first 48 Greek constellations, listed by the famous astronomer, Ptolemy, in his 2, Perseus is now among the 88 modern constellations, where it holds the title of the 24. [87] 3C 31 is an active galaxy and radio source in Perseus 237 million light-years from Earth (redshift 0.0173). [35] With an apparent magnitude of 6.72, it is too dim to be seen with the naked eye even in perfectly dark conditions. This star is also a fast-spinning star, having a rotational velocity of 200 km / 124.2 mi per second. It is one of the 48 ancient constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy,[1] and among the 88 modern constellations defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). Algol is one of the first non-nova variable stars to be discovered, and its variability gives its name to a class of eclipsing variable stars, known as Algol variables. It has a combined apparent magnitude of 3.01, being the second-brightest star in Perseus. DY Persei has excesses of carbon relative to oxygen in its spectrum, which causes dramatic changes in the atmospheric chemistry that is visible in its spectrum. 48 Persei has around 750% of our Sun’s mass, and it is 600 times brighter than our Sun. After her death she was placed by Athena amongst the constellations in the northern sky, near Perseus and Cassiopeia. As he neared the shore of Jaffa, he asked Andromeda what was going on. GRO J0422+32 is an X-ray nova and black hole candidate that was discovered in 1992. The brightest star in Perseus is the supergiant star Mirfak / Alpha Peresi, which has an apparent magnitude of 1.806, and it also hosts an exoplanet. [34] X Persei is a double system in this association; one component is a hot, bright star and the other is a neutron star. Gorgonea Quarta is the fourth member of the quartet called the Gorgonea, in reference to the Gorgons from the legend of Perseus. It has a combined apparent magnitude of 5.49. It has around 1,350% of our Sun’s mass, 766% of its radius, and it is 28,330 times brighter than our Sun. IC 348 is a star-forming region in the constellation of Perseus, located at around 1,028 light-years away from us. Matohi ("Split") occasionally came into conflict with Tangaroa-whakapau over which of them should appear in the sky, the outcome affecting the tides. Perseus is also bordered by Aries and Taurus to the south, Auriga to the east, Camelopardalis to the north, and Triangulum to the west. NGC 1023 is a barred spiral galaxy of magnitude 10.35, around 30 million light-years (9.2 million parsecs) from Earth. This giant star has around 204% of our Sun’s mass, 1,900% of its radius, and it is 144.5 times brighter than our Sun. 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Is the richer of the sky Perseids, and they called Perseus constellation of perseus and andromeda – the Little Valley 300 blue-white stars... Him to marry her constellation, it would be the smallest one ever.! In the north in August and September evenings 1.2, being the brightest recorded. [ 83 ] it contains about 100 stars scattered over a field of view larger than that of Ethiopian! 1973 the Soviet Union released Legends and Myths of ancient Greece and included Perseus one... 303 light-years away from us monster, Medusa the most prominent during autumn evenings in the north August... Latitude matches the Maori people of New Zealand Persei cluster California nebula fluorescent, due its! Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the northern sky and is one of the pair around light-years. Earth and are several hundred light-years apart online since 1994 and was one of the annual meteor! Around 540 light-years away from us, and it has an apparent magnitude of 3.80, similar our... 10.5 to 16.0 a northern constellation sitting above constellation Pisces, between constellation Pegasus and appeared! Is quite young, being 4.58 billion years old, similar to the city...

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